The large number of vehicles in the city is the biggest cause of pollution
The amount of polluted particles in the city’s atmosphere exceeded the dangerous level of 351 particulate meters and some areas 513 particulate meters.
Lahore, Pakistan’s second largest city, tops the list of the world’s most polluted cities today, while Karachi, the largest city, ranks 15th this morning, according to the Air Quality Index. At 9 o’clock, the amount of polluted particles in the atmosphere of Karachi was recorded at 158 particulate matter. The amount of polluted particles in the atmosphere of Lahore, which ranks first in the world in terms of pollution today, was 351 particulate meters. By 11 o’clock in the day, the total amount was 269 particulate meters. The amount of polluted particles in most parts of Kargai city remained between 300 and 350 till noon.
The Indian city of Kolkata is second in the world, the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka is third, the Indian capital Delhi is fourth and the Chinese city of Shenyang is fifth. According to the Air Quality Index, 151 to 200 degrees of pollution is harmful to health. Air Quality Index It also says that pollution from 201 to 300 degrees is extremely unhealthy, while more than 301 degrees indicates dangerous pollution.
In 2019, the Lahore High Court had sought a report from the Environment Department on pollution in the city. The department’s report revealed that the biggest cause of pollution in the city is the unnecessarily large number of vehicles on the roads 24 hours a day. The Punjab government had in November 2019 set up two squads of just four people, including three clerks and an inspector, in Lahore, a city of more than one and a half crore, to crack down on smoke-emitting vehicles in Lahore. Only inspectors can check, that is, only one inspector was included in the squad to check the fitness of vehicles in the entire city of Lahore, the results of which are before us in the form of an Air Quality Index report. Noise, so the new squad was formed.
Despite the orders of the High Court, the Punjab government’s lack of interest in the environment is due to the fact that only squads have been formed for the anti-smog campaign of the Environmental Protection Department in which unscrupulous officers have been deployed. This is due to the fact that the federal and provincial governments, instead of paying attention to the Air Quality Index report, rejected it outright, while even more surprising is the fact that the Minister of State for Climate Change, Zartaj Gul tweeted on November 2, 2019, with a photo released by NASA in 2018 that “burning crops in India causes pollution (in Pakistan) and the government of India has been acquitted of the charges.” However, the “Sectoral Emissions Inventory for Punjab” in its report has identified millions of vehicles in the city as the biggest cause of air pollution.
The report said that 45% of the pollution comes from vehicles, 25% from industries and 20% from the agricultural sector and the increase in air pollution increases smog. On the other hand, the Department of Agriculture and the United Nations Food and Agriculture The report on smog compiled by the organization clearly states that the winds blow from the west in winter, so the smoke from burning crops from India is less likely to enter Pakistan.