The Virtue and Historical Background of Muharram

  •  Muharram

Allah Almighty has created twelve months of the year and by His grace has bestowed special virtues on certain days of the year. In these months, the month of Muharram is a month which the Holy Qur’an has declared to be a sacred month. And then in Muharram al-Haram, the tenth day of Muharram, which is commonly called “Ashura”, which means “the tenth day”, is a day specially blessed with the mercy and blessings of God Almighty.

It is generally believed that the sanctity and respect of Muharram and the reason for its sanctity is only the martyrdom of Syedna Hussain, although this is not contrary to the facts. In fact, the virtue and sanctity of Muharram is not due to the martyrdom of Hussain. In the religion of Islam, the virtue of this month was even before that, but even in the religions before Islam, its virtue and respect was going on in the Muslim world. What is it? Indeed, the number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve months from the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth, and four of them are honored.
These four months refer to Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab, according to the hadiths and commentators.
The second reason is that the honor and sanctity of these months was already in the Abrahamic religion, even the people of Makkah valued these months, especially Muharram. And Sahih Bukhari says that “in the time of Jahiliyyah the Quraysh also used to fast Ashura”.
When Islam came, the same honor and dignity remained in it.
The third reason for the sanctity of Muharram is that the sanctity and importance of this month increased in the religion of Moses when Prophet Moses and the children of Israel thanked Allah for the joy of being saved from the cursed Pharaoh on the 10th of Muharram. It was ordered to fast on the same day, which was observed by Moses with the people.
So this method of honor and respect continued to be practiced in Israel.
Fourthly, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) described this month in the hadeeth as the month of the city of Allaah.
The fifth reason is that the virtue of this month is mentioned in the hadiths. Someone asked Hazrat Ali in which month should I fast after the month of Ramadan? Ali replied that a man had once asked the same question to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I was sitting next to him. He replied, “If you have to fast after the month of Ramadan, then in the month of Muharram.” Keep it, because it is the month of Allah Almighty, there is a day in which Allah Almighty accepted the repentance of a nation and will continue to accept the repentance of a nation on that day ”(Tirmidhi 1/158).

Similarly, the tenth day of Muharram, ie, Ashura, is a day of great significance and greatness. It was obligatory for Muslims to fast on the tenth of Muharram before the fast of Ramadan became obligatory. Later, when the fast of Ramadan became obligatory, the obligation to fast on Ashura was abolished, but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made it obligatory to fast on the day of Ashura And declared recommended.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained the importance of fasting on this day as follows: “I hope, by the mercy of Allaah, that whoever fasts on the day of Ashura will be expiated for the sins of the previous year.”
Similarly, on the tenth of Muharram, Allah saved Moses and his people from Pharaoh, so Moses fasted that day as a sign of thanksgiving.
That is why the Jews also fasted on this day as thanksgiving.
When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to know about it, he said, “We are more entitled than you (Jews) to follow the example of Musa (Moses), so you yourself fasted ten Muharrams (Ashura). He also ordered the Holy Prophet to fast. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) always fasted Ashura throughout his life, but on the day of Ashura before his death, he fasted and at the same time said that we Muslims and Jews also fast on the tenth of Muharram, so if If I survive next year, I will not only fast Ashura, but I will also fast one more day, that is, I will fast 9th Muharram or 11th Muharram so that the resemblance with the Jews will disappear.
It is worth noting here that the Holy Prophet (sws) avoided the likeness of non-Muslims in ordinary life, even in some places of worship, and also commanded the Companions.
In addition, many important events in Muharram took place in the pages of history before the martyrdom of Hussein, the details of which are as follows:
1. The Holy Prophet was besieged by the infidels of Makkah on 1st Muharram in Shaab Abi Talib.
2. The second caliph, Syedna Omar Farooq, was martyred on the first of Muharram. The tragedy of the martyrdom of Prophet Syedna Hussain also took place.
Purpose The above details make it clear that the sacred month of Muharram is not only due to the martyrdom of Syedna Hussain or the event of Karbala but also to Islam and its predecessors and its sanctity since the day of creation of the universe. ۔

Unfortunately, our Muslim Sunnis are also very ignorant about their religion and the Rafidis have inadvertently instilled in the minds of the people the lie that the greatness and sanctity of Muharram is only due to the martyrdom of Hussain and also this misconception. There is no other tragedy in the world of martyrdom like that of Hussain. However, there are many more heartbreaking and oppressed incidents in the history of Islam, one of which is the Caliph of the Prophet

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